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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10271/2912

Title: MALDI-TOF mass spectrometric determination of four pyrrolidino cathinones in human blood
Authors: Minakata, Kayoko
Yamagishi, Itaru
Nozawa, Hideki
Hasegawa, Koutaro
Wurita, Amin
Gonmori, Kunio
Suzuki, Masako
Watanabe, Kanako
Suzuki, Osamu
Keywords: α-Pyrrolidinovalerophenone (α-PVP)
Pyrrolidino cathinones
Designer drugs
MALDI-TOF-mass spectrometry
α-Cyano-4-hydroxy cinnamic acid
Issue Date: Jan-2014
Publisher: Springer Japan
Abstract: A rapid and sensitive detection method using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) — time-of-flight (TOF) — mass spectrometry (MS) was developed for the analysis of four pyrrolidino cathinones, such as α-pyrrolidinopropiophenone (PPP), 4’-methyl-α-pyrrolidinopropiophenone (MPPP), α-pyrrolidinobutiophenone (PBP), and α-pyrrolidinovalerophenone (PVP). In this method, α-cyano-4-hydroxy cinnamic acid was used as the matrix to assist the ionization of cathinones. Each MALDI-TOF-MS spectrum of these cathinones showed not only protonated molecular ion [M + H]+, but also several fragment ions having comparable intensities to that of [M + H]+. Hence MPPP and PBP could be clearly discriminated by the mass spectra alone, although they have almost the same mass numbers in their protonated molecular ions. The quantification of MPPP, PBP or PVP was performed using PPP as internal standard, respectively, and that of PPP was performed using PBP as internal standard. The limit of detection was 1 ng/ml, and the quantification range was 2 – 200 ng/ml for the four cathinones using 20 μl of blood. In a fatal poisoning case in which PVP was abused, the PVP levels in whole blood samples obtained from the right heart, left heart and femoral vein were 0.597, 0.635 and 0.580 μg/ml, respectively. We recommend the MALDI-TOF-MS method without any chromatography for both identification and quantification of the pyrrolidino cathinones in various matrices in forensic toxicological analysis, because of the simplicity, rapidness and reliability of the method.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10271/2912
DOI: info:doi/10.1007/s11419-013-0212-7
Appears in Collections:1010 雑誌掲載論文

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